We would like to commemorate a local hero of Norwich within the new development. Here you to cast your vote for one of six notable Norwich figures, or a suggestion of your choice, to be commemorated in a public artwork within Anglia Square.
21 May 1780 – 12 October 1845
Born in Magdalen Street, a one-minute walk from Anglia Square, Elizabeth was a major social and prison reformer, a Quaker and Christian philanthropist. She was known as ‘The Angel of Prisons’ and her work began at Newgate Prison in 1813. She saw that the women’s section was overcrowded, with both women and children sleeping on straw and cooking and washing in small cells.
She went on to fund a prison school for children who were imprisoned with their mothers, and encouraged and promoted rehabilitation, rather than harsh punishment, which was then adopted by many authorities and prisons. Elizabeth helped the homeless, opened a training school for nurses, which inspired Florence Nightingale and was admired by Queen Victoria for her work. She was depicted on the Bank of England £5 note from 2001 until 2016.
William Parker (Archbishop of Canterbury)
6 August 1504 – 17 May 1575
William was born in Norwich, in St Saviour’s parish. At that time St Saviour’s church was in Magdalen Street. He was sent to Corpus Christi College in 1522, and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts Degree in 1525. He was one of the Cambridge scholars whom Cardinal Thomas Wolsey wished to transplant to his newly-founded Cardinal College at Oxford, however William declined and subsequently became chaplain to Anne Boleyn. William was elected Archbishop of Canterbury in 1559 and had a principal role in drawing up the Book of Common Prayer. He was known to be a disciplinarian, a scholar, a modest and moderate man of genuine piety and irreproachable morals. The term “nosey parker” is rumoured to be down to Parker’s inquisitiveness about church matters, although there is no factual evidence of this.
3 July 1891 – 17 July 1959
Sidney Day was born in Norwich and served as a Corporal with the 11th Battalion, Suffolk Regiment. On August 26, 1917, at Hargicourt, France, Corporal Day was in command of a bombing section detailed to clear a maze of trenches still held by the enemy. While on the line, his detail killed two German machine gunners and took four prisoners. Immediately after he returned to his section, a stick bomb fell into a trench occupied by five men and one badly wounded soldier. Corporal Day seized the bomb and threw it over the trench where it immediately exploded. He afterwards completed the clearing of the trench and established himself in an advanced position. He remained for 66 hours at his post, which came under intense fire, until relieved. For gallantry in the face of the enemy he was Image courtesy of Dix Noonan Webb Ltd awarded the Victoria Cross on October 11, 1917. He died at age 68 on July 17, 1959, in Portsmouth, England.
5 July 1752 – 29 October 1828
Luke was born in St Mary’s parish, Norwich and was sent to grammar school in Kirton to be educated. He was the founder of the family printing business whose name is now known the world over. “Hansard – the official report of Parliamentary proceedings.” When finishing school, Luke became an apprentice at a printing company in Norwich, operating from Magdalen Street. Luke learnt his trade thoroughly and when his apprenticeship ended, with only a guinea in his pocket, he went to search for his fortune in London. He gained a position at the printers to the House of Commons at the office of John Hugh and was very quickly made a partner in the business due to his competency and reputation. The Company became Luke Hansard & Sons, which was shortened to Hansard in later years.
1893 – 1974
Elsie Maude Tilney was a missionary attending Surrey Chapel who was one of only 21 British people honoured as Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem, for her heroism during the Holocaust. Born in 1893 in Norwich, Elsie applied to the North Africa Mission in 1919 and was appointed jointly with the Mildmay Mission to the Jews. She spent time as a missionary in northern Africa until 1939, when Elsie brought a one year old Jewish child back from Austria to Paris. Elsie continued to work in Paris until she was placed in an internment camp at Vittel when Paris fell under German occupation in June 1940. Elsie was extraordinary, hiding a young Jew in her bathroom for 16 weeks to save him from being sent to Auschwitz to face certain death. Elsie stayed at Vittel until the Germans abandoned it in September 1944 and then remained to help the repatriation of around 200 Jewish people. Elsie died in Florida in 1974.
30 March 1810 – 4 May 1871
Born William Darby in 1810 in the workhouse in Norwich, and orphaned by the age of 11, William reinvented himself as Pablo Fanque and was apprenticed to William Batty, the owner of a travelling circus. Pablo became a circus proprietor and equestrian performer in 1841 and was mentioned in The Beatles song “Being for the Benefit of Mr Kite!” on the Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band Album. Pablo held benefits for performers in his circus, other circus performers and for community organisations – The Benefit for Mr Kite. He was a member of the Order of Ancient Shepherds, an organisation affiliated with the Freemasons and assisted families in times of illness or death.